ADD and ADHD

Treatment can help a patient become more organised and meet deadlines.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a brain condition that can affect both children and adults. Commonly it is diagnosed in young adults under the age of 18 but sometimes can be diagnosed for the first time in adulthood. The condition normally begins in childhood but is often dismissed as a child just being naughty, lazy, or being poorly behaved. In adulthood it can result in difficulty maintaining employment or progressing in one's career as would be otherwise expected.

New patients seeking consultation for ADD and ADHD are advised that Dr. Miller does not prescribe medication at initial visit.


Symptoms

The symptoms include difficulty maintaining focus or concentration, problems with organisation and planning, being forgetful and losing things, missing deadlines and being late, impulsivity and reckless behaviour, excessive anxiety or emotional problems, being over excited or having excessive energy.

Diagnosis

There are national guidelines that a psychiatrist must follow when diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. In an adult, if the diagnosis is being made for the first time it must be made by two independent psychiatrists. A psychiatrist may use neuropsychometric testing to gather objective evidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A patient's self-report alone is not enough for a diagnosis under the national guidelines.

Treatment

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is usually treated with medication. In Australia, if the patient is diagnosed under the age of 18 the medication is subsidised by the Federal Government. However if the patient is over the age of 18 at the time of diagnosis then the medication is not subsidised under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and the patient must therefore bear the entire cost.